Name: 
 

Module 1 Sample Quiz



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which term best fits this definition: "The scientific study of behavior and mental processes"
a.
Clinical Therapy
b.
Psychology
c.
Basic Research
d.
Functionalism
 

 2. 

Something that is directly observable is:
a.
a cognition.
b.
basic research.
c.
a behavior.
d.
scientific.
 

 3. 

Psychology is defined as the science of behavior and mental processes because:
a.
psychology is involved with studying nonmeasurable attributes like consciousness.
b.
psychologists apply the scientific method to human behaviors and thoughts.
c.
psychology is now restricted to studying scientific matters like brain anatomy.
d.
psychology only uses experiments to prove theories.
 

 4. 

During the first day of school, Robert is surprised when his psychology teacher states, “Psychology is a science.” By the end of the class period, Robert understands why. What type of information did Robert's teacher most likely provide to support her statement?
a.
Psychologists are very interested in understanding how the brain functions.
b.
Psychologists systematically collect research data.
c.
Psychologists are very interested in human behavior and mental processes.
d.
Psychologists spend many years in college earning advanced degrees.
 

 5. 

Wilhelm Wundt is often called the “father” of modern psychology because:
a.
he brought psychology to the United States.
b.
he opened the first psychology laboratory.
c.
he was the first person ever to study the human mind.
d.
he was the first person to use the word “psychology” in an academic way.
 

 6. 

Which of the following psychologists would most likely agree with this statement: "Studying the elements of our conscious experience is not enough: we must also study the ways these elements help us adapt to our environment."
a.
John B. Watson
b.
E.B. Titchener
c.
William James
d.
Wilhelm Wundt
 

 7. 

Who was the first American psychologist, wrote the first American psychology textbook, and helped found the functionalist movement?
a.
John B. Watson
b.
E.B. Titchener
c.
William James
d.
Wilhelm Wundt
 

 8. 

Which theory of personality was established by Sigmund Freud?
a.
functionalism
b.
structuralism
c.
psychoanalysis
d.
Gestalt
 

 9. 

Behaviorists like John Watson and B.F. Skinner emphasized that:
a.
psychologists should behave in ways that would make other scientists respect them.
b.
human behavior needs to be understood in the context of our thoughts and feelings.
c.
psychology should focus exclusively on studying observable behaviors.
d.
psychology should focus exclusively on studying nonobservable behaviors, like thinking.
 

 10. 

You overhear someone on the bus talking about how Sigmund Freud is the father of modern psychology. You might point out that Wilhelm Wundt is a better candidate for the honor because he:
a.
was more influential worldwide
b.
started the first psychology laboratory
c.
published more popular books on psychology
d.
had a longer career
 

 11. 

You and your sister are talking about psychology and she points out that most of the psychologists you are studying in class are white men. How would you explain to her why this is so?
a.
Early in the history of psychology, racial and gender barriers discouraged potential minority students.
b.
The civilizations of Europe and North America were the only societies capable of producing accurate psychological research.
c.
White men were the most capable people in the area of science, and therefore they did the best research in psychology.
d.
There were many fewer minorities at that point in history.
 

 12. 

Why was the research of Kenneth and Mamie Phipps Clark significant in the history of psychology?
a.
Their research demonstrated that black and white children used different learning styles in the classroom
b.
Kenneth and Mamie Clark were the first African-Americans to receive Ph.D.s in psychology
c.
Findings from their studies showed that children of the same age consistently make the same mistakes on developmental tasks
d.
The Clarks' findings were used by the Supreme Court to declare segregated schools unconstitutional
 

 13. 

Thirty-three percent of the U.S. population consists of minorities. What is the proportion of minority students in graduate programs?
a.
between 33% and 50%
b.
less than 33%
c.
between 50% and 75%
d.
more than 75%
 

 14. 

Today, half of all psychology Ph.D.s and two-thirds of all psychology graduate students are:
a.
working in the field of psychoanalysis.
b.
minorities.
c.
women.
d.
men.
 

 15. 

I believe that humans learn their behaviors through rewards, punishments, and by observing others. I am a:
a.
cognitive psychologist.
b.
behaviorist.
c.
humanist.
d.
biological psychologist.
 

 16. 

I believe that humans have free will in their decision making, that conscious experience should be the focus of the psychological study, and that healthy people strive to reach their full potential. I am most likely a:
a.
psychoanalyst.
b.
behavioral psychologist.
c.
humanist.
d.
cognitive psychologist.
 

 17. 

Dr. Watson attributes the actions of criminal gang members to the cultural norms and role expectations associated with gang membership. Her belief best illustrates which perspective?
a.
psychoanalytic
b.
social-cultural
c.
neuroscience
d.
cognitive
 

 18. 

The topics of interest to positive psychologists most resemble topics studied by which other perspective?
a.
psychoanalysis
b.
behaviorism
c.
biological
d.
humanism
 

 19. 

Which of the following questions would be of greatest interest to a behavior geneticist?
a.
Is there an unconscious mind that influences our motivation?
b.
Do brain scans differ between 5- and 10-year-olds as they solve math problems?
c.
Does living in a bilingual home affect a child's language development?
d.
Is being outgoing an inherited trait and does your environment influence its expression?
 



 
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